- An anchor (stop-transfer) (often referred to as a "transmembrane anchor") is a segment of a transmembrane protein which resides in the membrane.
- An anchor sequence halts the passage of a protein through the translocon. Typically this is located at the C-terminal end and results in a group I orientation in which the N-terminus has passed through the membrane.
- A combined signal-anchor sequence can be used to insert a protein into the membrane and anchor the site of insertion. Typically this is internal and results in a group II orientation in which the N-terminus is cytosolic.